Pregnancy is the time during which one or more offspring develops (gestates) inside a woman's womb.A multiple pregnancy involves more than one offspring, such as with twins.A pregnancy may end in a live birth, a spontaneous miscarriage (spontaneous abortion), an induced abortion (induced miscarriage), or a stillbirth. Childbirth typically occurs around 40 weeks from the start of the last menstrual period (LMP), a span known as the gestational age.This is just over nine months. Counting by fertilization age, the length is about 38 weeks.Pregnancy is "the presence of an implanted human embryo or fetus in the uterus"; implantation occurs on average 8–9 days after fertilization.An embryo is the term for the developing offspring during the first seven weeks following implantation (i.e. ten weeks' gestational age), after which the term fetus is used until birth.
•Tender and swollen breast:
Sore nipples and tender breasts can be one of the earliest signs of pregnancy. Your breasts may feel swollen, sore, or tingly – and your nipples may be extra sensitive and uncomfortable.
•Nausea with or without vomiting:
Some women experience nausea during pregnancy and never actually vomit, while others vomit several times a day. The vomiting can sometimes provide a reprieve from nausea, until it returns. Pregnancy nausea is often exacerbated by the intense fatigue that is also experienced during the first trimester.
Frequent urination is when you need to urinate (wee) more often than usual when pregnant. Needing to go to the toilet more often during your pregnancy is normal and is caused by the hormonal and physical changes occurring in your body. Most people, however, may begin to experience urgency in weeks 10 to 13, as this is when the uterus begins to push on the bladder.
It's common to feel tired, or even exhausted, during pregnancy, especially in the first 12 weeks. Hormonal changes at this time can make you feel tired, nauseous and emotional.
Fatigue is officially considered a constant lack of energy. During pregnancy, you might feel like you can't get up in the morning or can't wait to hit the sack as soon as you get home in the evening. Or you may feel like you're just dragging and sluggish from the moment you get up to the time you go to sleep.
The flood of hormones in your body in early pregnancy can make you unusually emotional and weepy. Mood swings are mostly experienced during the first trimester between 6 to 10 weeks and then again in the third trimester as your body prepares for birth. •Bloating: As your body produces more progesterone to support your pregnancy, progesterone relaxes muscles in your body. This includes the muscles of your intestine. Slower moving intestine muscles mean that your digestion slows down. This allows gas to build up, which in turn leads to bloating, burping, and flatulence. •Light spotting: Light spotting might be one of the first signs of pregnancy. Known as implantation bleeding, it happens when the fertilized egg attaches to the lining of the uterus — about 10 to 14 days after conception. Implantation bleeding occurs around the time you would expect to have a menstrual period. However, not all women have it. •Cramping: Cramping is due to your uterus growing and expanding to accommodate your growing baby. It's perfectly normal and happens to all women. Cramps often feel similar to your normal menstrual cramps. •Constipation: Hormonal changes cause your digestive system to slow down, which can lead to constipation. About 16 to 39% of people get constipated at some point during pregnancy. You're most likely to get constipated in the third trimester, when the fetus is heaviest and putting the most pressure on your bowel.
👉Constipation can happen in all three trimesters, though.
When you're pregnant, you might become more sensitive to certain odors and your sense of taste might change. It's possible for pregnant women to crave harmful things that aren't food, such as dirt or chalk. This condition, called pica, can be a sign of an underlying medical problem. If you experience this, call your doctor.
Increasing hormone levels and blood production can cause the mucous membranes in your nose to swell, dry out and bleed easily. This might cause you to have a stuffy or runny nose.
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