The True End of the United States Great Depression Follow blog

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Gordon Filworth
The Great depression is thought of as one of America’s all-time lows as by 1933, a fourth of all-American workers were unemployed. Furthermore, during this time, the Hoover administration did not help or provide relief to those who were struggling. Many thought the Depression was concluded by Roosevelt’s new deal however, that was not the case.
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The True End of the United States Great Depression
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The True End of the United States Great Depression

The Great depression is thought of as one of America’s all-time lows as by 1933, a fourth of all-American workers were unemployed. Furthermore, during this time, the Hoover administration did not help or provide relief to those who were struggling. Many thought the Depression was concluded by Roosevelt’s new deal however, that was not the case. The Great Depression was concluded by the need of support for the Allied powers, the U.S. being brought into WW2 from the Atlantic Ocean because of German U-boats, then joining WW2 from the Pacific Ocean, Pearl Harbor. Once the war had begun, many were forced to change their life dramatically. Millions of men and women joined and fought in the war and provided for those who needed it. Nevertheless, the Second World War had a lasting impact on the United States and its people.


WW2 nearly ended unemployment in America. Manufacturers were in a drastic need for workers which caused them to hire women, teenagers, elderly, and those who were once discriminated against. Many personnel worked overtime contributing to the rise in wages and increased. Large factories, built with government trust funds, were constructed around the nation. Millions of jobs were created, and millions of families and workers moved around the country to fill these jobs. The annual economic production, Gross National Product, more than doubled within the beginning of the war. You can read more statistic in the essay about The Great Depression. Along with war production, the entering of the war contributed to the downfall of the depression.


Around 1940, The US was sending war supplies to Great Britain. They sent carrier ships with goods across the Atlantic Ocean to the northeast. The United States turned over 50 World War I destroyers to Great Britain and American units were deployed in Iceland and Greenland. However, many of the carrier ships were not making it to Great Britain and surrounding areas because US ships were being sunk by German U-boats to prevent Britain from receiving supplies. “By the fall of 1941, the Americans were fully engaged in escorting shipping in the northwest Atlantic alongside the Canadians and British, and the U.S. Navy fought several battles with U-boats west of Iceland, where it had established advanced bases”. “German U-boats, aircraft and surface ships, succeeded in sinking around three million tons of Allied shipping materials between the fall of France in June 1940 and the end of the year”.


In May of 1941, the United States Navy and the British forced worked together in the struggle of the Atlantic. This forced the United States to unofficially go to war with Germany and its allies on the Atlantic Ocean. By taking over escort duties in the western Atlantic, the United States became involved in a shooting war, armed conflict, with Germany. The United States was forced to send troops into Europe. By sending troops over, millions of unemployed workers in the United States were drafted to Europe. With this, men, and women of whom stayed in the US were obligated to fill these jobs. The united states economy was now needed to supply US troops, British troops, and its allies in Europe. “This undeclared German-American naval war probably played a role in Hitler's decision to declare war on the USA”. Germany pulled the USA into the war from the east side. On the other hand, many Americans believed that WW2 had less part in ending the depression then the New Deal did.


By reason of supporting the allies and the joining of the war, the end of the Great Depression was a concomitant of the US entering WW2. The need of funding for Great Britain and Russia provided millions of jobs for unemployed workers and citizens. As well as, when the United States was at war with Germany, they were now supplying about two large countries. They also had to make up the losses of lost cargo. Once at war with Japan, the US needed more supplies to cope with the large countries they were at war with. The effects of this war positively impacted the United States economy pulling them out of the Great Depression.

May 22, 2020, 3:55 p.m. 0 Report Embed 0
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